The Mississippian cultures of mid-United States, which flourished from 900 through 1700 CE, descended from the so-called “mound-builder” cultures of the late prehistoric period. The Mound Builders constructed mound lodgings and burial chambers of pounded earth with thatch roofs.
The Mississippian cultures included the Chickasaw, Cherokee, Chicamauga, Chisea, and
The Mississippian cultures had an extensive trade network by land and via the
Some of the greatest Mississippian artworks are ceramic renderings of human beings. This type of rendering, which was probably influenced by the Mesoamerican culture in
Another theory is that, like the Mesoamerican culture that influenced them, the Mississippian peoples had special societies that honored warriors. The pose of this figure is a common characteristic of these sculptures and may represent part of a ritual dance performed in these warrior guilds. The simplification of form, which includes the flattened pyramidal nose, is also an element of Mesoamerican influence.
This is a good website with overview of Mississippian art.